• Issue
  • Jan 02, 2024

Almanac 2024 City Reports: Contested Terrain

SUNG TIEU, Galleried, Detail, 2022, black steel, soil, 150 × 92 × 100 cm. Courtesy the artist and Sfeir-Semler Gallery, Hamburg/Beirut.

In India, Thailand, Malaysia, and the Philippines, more than 70 percent of the population use social-media networks as a news source, compared to just 21 percent in Japan, according to Statista. In Türkiye (Turkey), where the internet is highly censored (more than 700,000 URLs are officially blocked) and 95 percent of the major media outlets are government controlled, nearly half of adults reported using YouTube as a news source, followed by Instagram and Facebook, at 40 and 32 percent, respectively. Pew Research found that in the United States, Facebook is the regular destination of news consumption for nearly one-third of the population. At the same time, as social-media giants have de-emphasized news in their algorithms to battle dis- and misinformation, digital advertising has declined, and many early 2000s online platforms like Vice, BuzzFeed, Jezebel, and others have gone bankrupt.